Tips for driving on snow or ice

The storm Filomena has brought with it images that we will not forget and memories that will become history because of the snow in many parts of the Spanish geography very little used to these weather conditions. But the circulation of vehicles in these conditions is more complicated, for this reason the Línea Directa Foundation has prepared some essential tips to guarantee safe driving both with snow and ice on the road:


Avoid displacement
unless it is a cause of force majeure, as the authorities have recommended.


If the correct footwear for the vehicle is not used, there is more danger of the vehicle skidding and having an accident. The use of winter tires and chains are recommended. In fact, at this time in the Community of Madrid the use of chains is mandatory throughout the main road network and on the streets of the different municipalities.


Placement of chains:
The first thing to know is that they should be put on the drive wheels of the car (if you do not know what they are, it is in the vehicle manual).

If they are metal chains, they must be stretched to prevent them from being intertwined, then the steel cable is stretched through the rear of the wheel and hooked at both ends. After this, the chain is placed and stretched around the tire on the part that makes contact with the ground. Finally, all the tensioners at the front are hooked to fix the chains. Finally, the vehicle must be moved a few centimeters to check that they are correctly positioned.

If they are made of fabric, start at the top and then cover the entire surface that is not in contact with the asphalt. Next, the driver will have to move the car to cover the missing part.


Marches long:
Driving on snow or ice means slowing down, but the really essential thing is to go in the highest gear possible so as not to lose grip when pulling. Except if you have to go down a hill; in this case you should go with the lowest gear so that the engine itself holds the car.

5- Speed: you must drive in snow or ice at less than 40 km / h and smoothly so that the wheels do not spin. In addition, to avoid losing control of the vehicle, avoid accelerating or braking abruptly.


Dissecurity tance:
Although it is very unlikely to find many cars when the road is in these conditions, it is not impossible and moving away from them and maintaining a significant safety distance is key to avoiding accidents. When the asphalt is in these conditions, the braking and reaction capacity is reduced, so if you are away from other vehicles, it will help to avoid some scares.


Wear the lights even in daylight
It is another of the keys remembered by the road safety experts of the Línea Directa Foundation. The lights improve the visibility of the vehicle. But be careful, because sometimes these lights in contact with snowy or icy surfaces can damage the sight of other drivers and cause them to lose visibility.


Circular for the tracks
that other cars have made is a very smart way to drive through the snow, as it will be more compacted and it will be easier and safer to drive around.


Prepare carefully the trip:
Before getting behind the wheel in these days of snowfall and frost, check the state of the roads on which to drive, watch videos on how to put chains on the car, consult the vehicle’s instruction manual and check that the car is in perfect condition. In addition, as a preventive measure, it is advisable to refuel and fill the tank and have a ‘survival kit’ containing water, food, flashlight, rechargeable battery, and warm clothing.


Understeer and oversteer:
In the case of losing control of the car, two things can happen and you must act in different ways: understeer (the car turns less) and you must take your foot off the accelerator to regain traction. In oversteering (turning too much) the foot also rises but it must be accompanied by counter-steering in the opposite direction to which the car has turned.